The Collapse of the Spanish Republic, 1933-1936


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Origins of the Civil War

Stanley G. Payne

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This book focuses on the short but crucial period that led to the collapse of the Spanish Republic and set the stage for the ensuing civil war. Stanley G. Payne, an internationally known scholar of modern Spanish history, details the political shifts that occurred from 1933 to 1936 and examines the actions and inactions of key actors during these years. Using their own memoirs, speeches, and declarations, he challenges previous perceptions of various major players, including President Alcalá Zamora.
The breakdown of political coalitions and the internal rifts between Spain’s bourgeois and labor classes sparked many instances of violent dissent in the mid-1930s. The book addresses the election of 1933 and the destabilizing insurrection that followed, Alcalá Zamora's failed attempts to control the major parties, and the backlash that resulted.  The alliances of the socialist left with communism and the right with fascism are also explored, as is the role of forces outside Spain in spurring the violence that eventually exploded into war.  

Stanley G. Payne is Hilldale-Jaume Vicens Vives Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is the author of fifteen books, including The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism, published by Yale University Press.

"An outstanding book by one of the most distinguished scholars in the field."—Juan J. Linz, Yale University

"This is the most compelling analysis of the origins of the Spanish Civil War that I know."—Michael Seidman, University of North Carolina-Wilmington

"Indispensable reading for those considering two fundamental questions: Why did Spain unravel so quickly and completely by the time of the Nationalist uprising in 1936 (a multitude of reasons), and was the Civil War inevitable (yes, in the aftermath of the violent Austrian miners revolt in 1934)?"—Ken Frankel, Toronto Globe & Mail

“Using primarily secondary published sources, including recent monographs and doctoral dissertations, Payne argues the Republican’s political inexperience, philosophical differences, anticlericalism, illegal land seizures, restrictions on civil liberties such as freedom of the press, and ineffectiveness at curbing violence . . . are among the chief explanations for the republic’s collapse. . . .Highly recommended.”—Choice

"The most distinguished American student of modern Spain, here provides the most analytic and comprehensive look at the formation, life, and final disaster of the Second Republic. . . . The Collapse of the Spanish Republic is certainly the most important recent work on the Second Republic."—The New York Military Affairs Review

"An important contribution to the study of Spain's first democracy. . . . [Payne] has provided an anlysis that cannot be ignored by any serious historian."—Antonio Cazorla-Sanchez, Journal of Modern History
ISBN: 9780300110654
Publication Date: May 31, 2006
432 pages, 6.125 x 9.25
Franco and Hitler

Spain, Germany, and World War II

Stanley G. Payne

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